Do you want to know what your genetic predisposition for the lactate threshold is? We can determine your lactate threshold based on 3 genes. With our Sport DNA test, this is 1 of the many parts that you can gain insight into.
From nutrients to energy
Nutrients can be converted into energy in two ways: via the aerobic or anaerobic method. The aerobic mode is the most efficient way of generating energy, which takes place when there is sufficient oxygen in the muscles. The only byproducts of this process are carbon dioxide and water, both of which are easily excreted.
The body prefers to use aerobic metabolism, but when we increase the effort or maintain the effort for a longer period of time, our energy requirement increases. If there is no longer enough oxygen available to generate all that energy, the metabolism switches to the anaerobic way. In the anaerobic method there is not enough oxygen and the metabolism is not optimal.
What is a lactate threshold?
In addition to energy, the by-product lactate is also produced. The inevitable lactate accumulation (build-up) that occurs causes muscle acidification. The effort will probably have to be reduced or stopped altogether after some time. The intensity with which we can perform before lactate starts to accumulate in our blood and negatively impact performance (average around a concentration of 4 mmol/L) is known as the lactate threshold.
The amount of effort that can be made before reaching the lactate threshold is partly genetically determined, but one can certainly also train to raise the lactate threshold. With the genetic markers below we can determine yourlactate threshold .
- rs7181866 : NRF2 – Improves the running economy
- rs11549465 : HIF1A – Improves performance during extreme exertion
- rs17602729 : AMPD1 – Increases endurance at altitude
Would you like an extensive sports report based on your DNA?
Based on your genetic profile, we can see:
- What kind of aptitude you have for strength sports
- How is your maximum oxygen uptake?
- What information about your lactate threshold is important
- What type of muscle fibers you have
- What exercise intensity do you have a predisposition for?
- How susceptible you are to tendon injuries
- How fast your body breaks down caffeine
- Whether you gain weight faster if you exercise less
- How is your aptitude with regard to the willingness to exercise